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Ban Don Yang

Location
Nonglu Sub-district, Sangklaburi District, Kanchanburi Province

Distance from Border
Less than 1 km

Distance from Sangklaburi
31 km / approx. 1 hour driving time (through the village of Huai Malai)

Distance from Bangkok
430 kms / approx. 6 hours driving time

Accessibility
Car: All-year-round access; requires 4WD in rainy season
Phone: Mobile phone coverage only behind the “Or Sor” checkpoint at camp entrance.

Camp Geography
Area 70 acres (11 ha)

Introduction and History

Camps Don Yang 894X300

Ban Don Yang is a relatively small camp with some 2,700 residents, of whom more than 95 percent are of Karen/Kayin ethnicity.

More than 70 percent of residents are from Tenerassim/Tanintharyi Region in Burma/Myanmar, with 22 percent from Karen/Kayin State and around 5 percent from Mon State.

The camp was formed in May 1997 as a result of a consolidation of two former sites following offensives that year in Tenasserim/Tanintharyi Region and Dooplaya District of Karen/Kayin State.

 Initially, living conditions were very rudimentary, with plastic sheeting for roofing and lack of adequate space between dwellings. Nowadays, houses have more suitable grass thatch roofs.

The camp lies directly opposite the Mon resettlement site of Halockhani—a collective name for an area consisting of five resettlement sites.

Due to its isolated location, the camp is off the mains electricity grid. The camp office and health and education centres have access to power from electric generators. Some households also have access to these to recharge vehicle batteries to power residential lighting.

Breakdown by Age
<5 Yrs 12.3%
5-17 Yrs 34.6%
Adult 53.1%
Breakdown by Gender
Female 51.0%
Male 49.0%
Breakdown by Ethnicity
Karen/Kayin 96.1%
Burman 1.9%
Mon 1.8%
Other 0.2%

In 2005, the Royal Thai Government gave approval for resettlement opportunities to be offered to camp residents. As of September 2018, a total of 3,399 persons had departed from the camp, according to IOM data. The majority resettled in the USA.