Mae Chan Sub-district, Umphang District, Tak Province
Distance from Border
8 km in a straight line, 13 km by road to the border village of Perng Klerng
Distance from Mae Sot
232 km / approx. 5 hours driving time
Distance from Umphang
68 km / approx. 1½ hours driving time
Car: All-year-round access (public transport available)
Phone: No mobile phone coverage[H1] , although a landline was set up at the camp office (Oct 2010); public phone available at MoI office
Area about 400 rai (64 ha)
Introduction and History
Nu Po camp has a population of some 9,000 people and was set up in 1997 to consolidate two former camps that originated five years earlier.
The population is some 82 percent ethnic Karen/Kayin and around 6 percent Burman. There is a significant Muslim community.
Currently, due to its isolated location, the camp whose name means “small lake” in the Karen/Kayin language, is off the mains electricity grid. The camp office, health, education and social service centres have access to power from electric generators.
Hydro-electricity is also widely generated, mainly to recharge vehicle batteries to power household lighting. Several privately-operated mobile phone and internet services are available.
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In 2005, the Royal Thai Government gave approval for resettlement opportunities to be offered to camp residents. As of September 2018, a total of 9,728 persons have departed from Nu Po, according to IOM data. The majority have resettled in the USA.